Pulmonary medicine is the main branch of medicine that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of diseases that occur in the lungs and respiratory system.
Specialists in this field deal with many conditions including asthma, allergic diseases, bronchitis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), pneumonia, tuberculosis, pulmonary embolism, chronic cough, lung cancer, sleep-disordered breathing, and diseases caused by smoking. They use a multidisciplinary approach to develop treatment plans.
All respiratory illnesses including pulmonary diseases are diagnosed, monitored and treated by specialists in the pulmonary medicine department. There are many diseases that can cause discomfort, lower quality of life and prevent people from performing daily activities, such as coughing, chest, back, and shoulder pain, wheezing, sputum production, snoring, night sweats, fever, loss of appetite, and weight loss. Some of the diseases that are treated by the pulmonary medicine department include:
- Pulmonary embolism
- Lung cancer
- Allergic lung diseases
- Chronic cough
- Obstructive lung diseases such as asthma, bronchiectasis, and COPD
- Pleural effusion, a build-up of fluid around the lungs
- Pneumothorax, or the collapse of the lung
- Sarcoidosis, a type of disease that affects the lungs and can be treated, but the cause is unknown
- Smoking addiction, methods to quit smoking, and diseases caused by smoking.