Cardiology is the branch of medicine that deals with heart and circulatory system diseases. Formerly considered a sub-branch of internal medicine, cardiology is now a separate specialty.
Heart diseases, which are mainly manifested by various symptoms such as chest tightness, palpitations, gas complaints, shortness of breath, feelings of fatigue, and rarely fever, are one of the leading health problems in the world and in our country. Heart diseases occur in a wide age range from very young ages to advanced ages. Our hospital has given necessary importance to this field and has taken care to conduct related studies, due to the increasing number of these diseases and their negative consequences.
Some of the diseases diagnosed in our cardiology department are as follows:
- Coronary Artery Diseases
- Heart Failure
- Heart Valve Diseases
- Aortic Artery Diseases
- Peripheral Artery Diseases
- Hyperlipidemia / Dyslipidemia (lipid metabolism disorders)
Although the symptoms of cardiology diseases vary depending on the type of disease, some common ones are:
- Chest pain and a feeling of tightness in the chest, especially in individuals with coronary artery disease
- Shortness of breath, nocturia, and difficulty breathing when lying on one's back at night, which are caused by heart failure
- Shortness of breath and hemoptysis, i.e. coughing up blood, caused by problems with heart valves
- Erectile dysfunction
- Syncope, i.e. fainting, which is a commonly seen cardiological symptom
- Involuntary weight loss.
Electrocardiogram (EKG): EKG is the first method used in the diagnosis of heart diseases. EKG is taken with the help of electrodes attached to the patient's chest, arm, and leg areas.
Echocardiography (Echo): Echo, which is used in the diagnosis of heart failure and abnormalities in heart valves, allows examination of the heart structure.
Exercise Stress Test: The exercise stress test, also known as the exercise EKG, is a procedure in which the patient is asked to exercise on a treadmill, and the heart rate and workload are increased; during this exercise, the heart's reactions are monitored with serial EKG recordings.
Stress Echocardiography: Stress echocardiography is a method used to reach the heart rate during exercise by giving the person drugs. It is used to determine whether the heart receives enough oxygen and appropriate blood flow when it needs it most during exercise. This test can also be performed on patients who show symptoms of coronary heart disease (coronary artery disease) such as chest pain and those who cannot undergo exercise testing.
Holter (Blood Pressure + Rhythm Holter, 24, 48, and 72 hours): The device worn by the patient that allows the monitoring of heart rhythm is called a Holter. A Holter may need to stay in the body for 24, 48, or 72 hours to examine heart rhythm. Blood pressure Holter is used to measure blood pressure at specific intervals in a natural environment for 24 hours. Based on the results of these tests, medication therapy can be used, and in some serious rhythm-conduction disorders, a permanent pacemaker (biventricular ICD, CRT) can be installed.